Breed Spotlight: Everything To Know About Golden Retrievers

Golden retrievers are one of the top 10 most popular dogs in the United States today.  They’re friendly, easily trainable and make a superior family dog. If you’re in the market to adopt a dog, here are some things to think about when choosing a Golden retriever.


The concept of a Golden retriever began back in the mid-1800s in Scotland by breeder Sir Dudley Majoribanks.

In trying to perfect a hunting dog with light colored fur, he started with flat coated retrievers and bred them with yellow dogs.  As the breeding continued and the temperament displayed exceptional calm and loyalty at home, the Golden retriever became a breed.

It was officially recognized in England in 1911 and by 1932, the American Kennel Club recognized Golden retriever as a U.S. breed.

How Big Do They Get?

Male Goldens typically reach a height of about 2 feet and can weigh anywhere from 60 to 75 pounds.  Naturally, this is going to depend on his parents as Goldens have been known to top the scales at 90 pounds.

If you get a female, they’re a bit smaller and typically weigh between 55 and 65 pounds.

The Golden Temperament

Their temperament is one of the single biggest reasons they are so popular.  Goldens are known for being calm, eager to please their families and wonderful with children.

Early socialization and training will give you a Golden to treasure because they take to training like fish to water.

And the best way to train?  A tasty treat and a clicker.  They also love to go to puppy class because playing is their favorite thing to do.

Health Concerns

For the most part, Golden retrievers are healthy dogs but can also run into some issues with orthopedic problems as well as eye problems.

Like all purebreds, when buying from a breeder make sure that breeder shows you the applicable certifications on the parents and on the puppies.  Any breeder who tries to stall about these certifications is a breeder you should walk away from.


Golden retrievers have two coats: the topcoat and a silky undercoat. And it’s this undercoat that sheds heavily in spring and fall.

Because of their fur, they need to be brushed several times a week to prevent matting particularly under the ears and on the tail feathers.

Give your Golden a bath once a month and take him to a professional groomer a couple of times a year.  Trim their nails regularly and make sure to clean their ears at least once a week.  They have a tendency toward ear infections because of their long ear flaps.


Goldens love to play outside whether it’s fetching a ball, going for a hike or heading to the dog park. Because of their size, they will require about half an hour of vigorous exercise twice a day to keep them happy.

Ready to adopt that Golden?  If you’d rather adopt an adult dog, see if you can find a Golden rescue club near you to give an adult dog of forever home.

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